Statutes

Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO)

The FWO is a Public Utility Foundation which was granted legal personality by the Royal Decree of 20 January 2006.

The Decree of 30 April 2009 on the organisation and financing of the scientific and innovation policy (BOG (Belgian Official Gazette) 6/7/2009) recognises the FWO as an External Independent Agency operating under private law.

The enterprise number of the FWO is 0880.212.840.

History

The original statutes of the National Fund for Scientific Research were approved by the Royal Decree of 2/6/1928 (BOG 20/6/1928), the most recent statutes were approved by the Royal Decree of 5/3/1992 (BOG 28/3/1992 and ABOG (Annex to BOG) 2/7/1992). Amendments were approved by the Royal Decree of 20/6/1997 (BOG 17/7/1997 and ABOG 13/11/1997, errata ABOG 11/12/1997).
The three Boards of Trustees of the NFWO/FNRS - the Flemish, the French-speaking and the Federal - are the forerunners of the three current Public Utility Foundations.

The Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO), together with the Fund for Scientific Research-FNRS (FRS - FNRS) and the Federal Fund for Scientific Research (FFWO/FFRS) is the legal successor by universal title to the former National Fund for Scientific Research (NFWO/FNRS).

Federal Fund for Scientific Research (FFWO/ FFRS)

The amended statutes of the FFWO/FFRS were approved by the Royal Decree of 1 April 2007. This is the legal entity that has existed since the approval of the first statutes by RD 2/6/1928 (ABOG 20/6/1928). It is also a Public Utility Foundation.

The enterprise number of the Fund is 0408.367.030.

Fund for Scientific Research - FNRS (FRS-FNRS)

The FRS-FNRS of the French Community acquired legal personality on 8 December 2006.

http://www1.fnrs.be/

Associated Funds

The Royal Decree of 18/1/1965 (BOG 5/2/1965) enabled associated funds to be set up to fund collective fundamental research via research projects conducted by research teams. In this context, agreements were reached with three ministries:

1. Inter-University Institute for Nuclear Science (IIKW/IISN) via an agreement of 12/4/1965 with the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy, now the corresponding Federal Public Service (FOD). For historical reasons this is a fund with legal personality, whose first statutes were approved by the Royal Decree of 6/9/1951 (BOG 13/9/1951 en ABOG 22/9/1951) and amended by, among others, the Royal Decree of 17/5/1972 (BOG 6/6/1972 and ABOG 20/7/1972).
Pursuant to the Law of 8/8/1988 concerning the Funding from Communities and Regions, 80% of the funds were communitised and the Flemish share was incorporated into the FWO’s basic subsidy.
The amended statutes of the Public Utility Foundation were approved by the Royal Decree of 14 October 2007.
The enterprise number is 0850.890.334.


2. Fund for Medical Scientific Research (FGWO) via an agreement with the Ministry of Public Health (now the corresponding FOD) of 7/11/1969, amended in August 1971. This Fund has no legal personality.
Pursuant to the Law of 8/8/1988 concerning the Funding from Communities and Regions, 80% of the funds were communitised and the Flemish share was incorporated into the FWO’s basic subsidy.

3. Fund for Collective Fundamental Research - initiative of researchers (the former FKFO) via an agreement with the former Ministry of National Education and Culture of 8/4/1965, amended on 1/1/1971. This fund focussed on research areas that were not covered by the FGWO and the IIKW. This Fund had no legal personality. Following the communitisation of education pursuant to the law of 1988, this subsidy fully came under the competence of the Flemish Community. The Flemish share of the subsidy in question was added to the basic subsidy of the FWO into which the FKFO was incorporated.

Since 1/1/1997 the specific scientific committees of these associated funds have been fully integrated into the scientific committees of the FWO.  Decisions concerning specific authorisations and refusals are also made by the trustee bodies of the FWO, but submitted to the trustee bodies of the associated funds for enforcement.
As a result, more coherent decisions are made, and the activities of the various authorities reinforce one another to achieve greater coherence.